Forensic anthropologists, unlike medical examiners, cannot actually determine cause of death because they are not medical doctors. In a forensic case, it is the forensic anthropologist's job to determine from bones the race, ancestry, sex, and age of the deceased. [Physical stature can also be determined.] Through their examination of human remains, if there are definitive markers that seem to contribute to a person's death, like bullet fragments embedded in bone, then [the forensic anthropologist] can determine what is called the "manner of death."
Jarrett Hallcox and Amy Welch, Bodies We've Buried, 2006